• Tuesday, 6 August 2019

    Why a lung transplantation is needed?

    Lung transplantation is a kind of a surgical procedure where the diseased or the failing lung is being tried to be replaced with a healthy lung which has come from a deceased donor. Lung surgery only becomes an option for a patient who has already tried the other treatments or medications but they have not seen any proper improvement there.

    Depending on the medical condition of the patient, the lung cleaning surgery cost in India is being considered. In some cases the lungs can also be transplanted along with a donor heart. Though lung transplant is a major operation and that can cause a lot of complication, but still it can improve the quality of life and health if they are done successfully.

    Now the question is why a lung transplant is done? Well, when one has damaged and unhealthy lungs then it can make difficult for the body to get oxygen which is a crucial need for survival. There are a lot of conditions and diseases that can damage the lungs and it can hinder their ability to function effectively. Here are the common causes for lung dysfunction:

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that includes emphysema.
    Scarring of the lungs or pulmonary fibrosis.
    High blood pressure in the lungs or pulmonary hypertension.
    Cystic fibrosis

    Lung damage can be also treated with medication and with some special breathing devices. But if these measure no longer help the patient then it can also be life threatening. So the doctor can suggest single or double lung transplantation depending on the patient’s lung condition.

    Some people with coronary artery disease may also need a certain procedure to restore blood flow to a blocked or narrowed artery in the heart, in addition to a lung transplant. In some cases, people with serious heart and lung conditions may need a combined heart and lung transplantation as well.

    Factors that may affect one’s eligibility for a lung transplant
    A lung transplant cannot be the right treatment for everyone. There are certain factorsthat can lead that one may not be a good candidate for a lung transplant. While each case is considered individually by a transplant centre, a lung transplant may not be appropriate for a few patients like:

    Those who have an active infection
    Have a recent personal medical history of cancer
    Have serious diseases such as kidney, liver or heart diseases
    Are unwilling or unable to make lifestyle changes necessary to keep your donor lung healthy, such as not drinking alcohol or not smoking

    There are also certain complications that can be associated with lung transplantation. They can be sometimes very fatal. There can also be some major risks of infection and rejection.

    Lung transplant in India is an expensive affair and it is completely dependent on the availability of a donor. One needs to enroll their name in the list and then wait for the right donor so that they can get their transplantation done and live a healthier life.

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